Let us have a look at what peptic ulcer is and its symptoms and the appropriate treatment option for it.
A peptic ulcer is amongst the most common digestive disorder that could start with minor symptoms which gradually becomes quite uncomfortable and may have serious consequences when ignored for a longer time. If you or your loved one is suffering from peptic ulcer gaining correct information on peptic ulcer is quite important to seek the right treatment on time and alleviate your sufferings.
Peptic ulcer refers to the erosion of the stomach lining or the lining of the duodenum; which is the first part of small intestine. These ulcers are termed as peptic ulcers’ due to their close correlation with the digestive enzyme (pepsin) and acid. Peptic ulcer may be of two types, viz gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer depending on where it is present.
Various factors that lead to the erosion of the lining of the stomach and duodenum are:
• H.pylori bacterium (Helicobacter pylori bacteria)
• Chronic use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
• Chemotherapy or radiation therapy
• Zollinger Ellison syndrome, Crohn's disease or a carcinoid tumour
• Chronic use of alcohol and smoking
• Poor nutritional status
• Peripheral artery disease that affects the blood supply to the arteries supplying to the stomach
The diagnosis for peptic ulcer has two major goals of finding out the presence or absence of a peptic ulcer, and assessment of the cause of peptic ulcer. Some of the common diagnostic procedures for peptic ulcer are:
Endoscopy: In this process, the doctor puts a long tube down your throat, which has a camera attached to its one end and examines the area for the presence of any cancer. This method is suitable for people above the age of 45 who are also at the high risk of stomach cancer.
Upper GI scan X-ray: In case you do not face any difficulty in swallowing and are at the lower risk of getting stomach cancer then an upper GI test is reccomended. In this diagnostic tests you are required to gulp down a thick liquid called barium swallow. Then an X-ray is taken of your stomach, small intestine and oesophagus. This will rule out the presence of a peptic ulcer.
A peptic ulcer is a notable medical problem that can have dreadful consequences, however, advances in medical care over the past few decades have thoroughly changed the treatment of this condition and the prognosis of the people suffering from it. The treatment for peptic ulcer depends upon the cause of this condition. For example, if your condition is caused by H. pylori bacteria then your doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics along with proton pump inhibitors. Therefore the treatment for peptic ulcer comprises of
Medications to kill H.pylori bacteria
If H.pylori is the reason behind your peptic ulcer than your doctor will prescribe antibiotics such as Amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, tetracycline etc. these are taken for around 2 weeks along with other medications to reduce the acid formation.
Medications that block the acid production and promote healing
For blocking or reducing the acid formation, proton pump inhibitors, also known as PPI’s block acid production by blocking a specific type of cell responsible for the production of acid. Some of the commonly prescribed PPI’s are Pantoprazole, Rabeprazole etc.
Medications that reduce the production of acid
H2-histamine blockers can reduce the production of acid therefore help in treating the spread of peptic ulcer. Some of the H2 blockers used for the treatment of peptic ulcer are Ranitidine and Famotidine.
Other preventive measures such as taking proper nutritious diet and staying away from spicy and acid aggaravating foods can help in treating the peptic ulcer faster. One just needs to figure out with the help of their doctor, what treatment works for them.
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